The Social Dimension Of Globalization
Perhaps unsurprisingly, Pyongyang, North Korea places first on the list when it comes to civil and political rights violations. Under the current North Korean regime, some significant civil rights violations include arbitrary arrests and detentions, the holding of political prisoners and detainees, and a lack of judicial independence. While a third of the top FDI cities are at high or extreme social risk, this figure is even higher when looking at all 575 cities included in the Social Index. It’s easy to focus on the negative triggers for the impending name change, but there is some substance behind the change as well.
Some economists argue globalization helps promote economic growth and increased trading between nations; yet, other experts, as well as the general public, generally see the negatives of globalization as outweighing the benefits. Developed nations benefit under globalization as businesses compete worldwide, and from the ensuing reorganization in production, international trade, and the integration of financial markets. Globalization is important because it is one of the most powerful forces affecting the modern world, so much so that it can be difficult to make sense of the world without understanding globalization.
These transnational networks, sometimes referred to as “global civil society,” connect millions of people around the world based on shared political commitments. Consequently, some feminist philosophers believe that political “globalization from below” provides women and other vulnerable people with an effective means for resisting the inequalities created by economic globalization. For instance, some feminists argue that globalization has created new transnational public spheres in which political opinion can be marshaled to hold leaders democratically accountable . First, feminist approaches to globalization seek to provide frameworks for understanding the gender injustices associated with globalization. Rather than developing all-encompassing ideal theories of global justice, however, feminist philosophers tend to adopt the non-ideal theoretical perspectives, which focus on specific, concrete issues. Early feminist analyses focused on issues that were widely believed to be of particular importance to women around the world, such as domestic violence, workplace discrimination, and human rights violations against women.
The lack of international cooperation and political and financial burden sharing on migration is becoming increasingly untenable. Globalization has many benefits and detriment to the culture in the developing countries. Many developing countries cultures has been changed through globalization, and became imitate others cultures such as, America and European countries.
All these countries were members of the European Union, which had to step in to bail out debt-laden nations, which were thereafter known by the acronym PIGS. On one hand, globalization has created new jobs and economic growth through the cross-border flow of goods, capital, and labor. On the other hand, this growth and job creation are not distributed evenly across industries or countries.
Political globalization, Social globalization, and Economic globalization. It is believed that this approach would eliminate all the negative aspects of globalization in time. Firstly, It will be fruitful for many sectors but will still leave many people and groups vulnerable. They state that they should always welcome every opportunity and they should find out multiple solutions to every problem.
- Globalization is now seen as marginalizing the less educated and low-skilled workers.
- Between 1981 and 2001 the fraction of Africans living below the international poverty line increased from 42 to 47 percent.
- Where Krugman was derisive, others were solemn, putting the contemporary fight against the “anti-globalisation problems” left in a continuum of struggles for liberty.
- In Indonesia, a mass withdrawal of short-term capital caused real wages in manufacturing to drop 44 percent.
- Feminists who theorize about justice on the domestic level argue that women’s experiences of gender oppression are shaped by other forms of oppression, such as those based on race, class, disability, and sexual orientation.
- The US north-eastern parallelogram and the European Blue Banana represent the most notable agglomerations of creative industries.
Cultural globalization is how culture is becoming homogeneous, which means that people from all over the world act in similar way. For example, many people around the world write with the Latin alphabet, wear T-shirts and jeans and watch Hollywood movies and other media. Nevertheless, she argues, we should not jettison the idea of a transnational public sphere, provided that the notions of normative legitimacy and political efficacy can be reformulated to apply to communication in transnational discursive arenas. When focusing specifically on labor rights, almost half of the ‘high’ or ‘extreme’ risk cities are in Europe and Central Asia. In addition to North Korea, Syria places high on the civil rights risk index as well, with three of the top five cities located in the war-torn country.
Some problems, such as unemployment cannot be solved in a fair way unless globalization is abolished, while other problems, such as the exploitation of workers can be solved without interfering with social security or globalization. The possible solutions to stop unemployment are through protectionism, or the decreased taxes on capital, and, a possible solution would be to certify goods which are produced within the European standards, to stop the exploitation of the developing world’s workers. Many of Africa’s poorest countries suffer from a marked lack of infrastructure including poor roads, limited electricity, and minimal access to education and telephones. But while landline use has not changed appreciably during the past ten years, there’s been a fivefold increase in mobile phone access; more than a third of people in Sub-Saharan Africa have the ability to access a mobile phone . Even more can use a “village phone”—through a shared-phone program created by the Grameen Foundation.
Concerns and issues are often raised about the impact of globalization on employment, working conditions, income and social protection. Beyond the world of work, the social dimension encompasses security, culture and identity, inclusion or exclusion and the cohesiveness of families and communities. On the whole, globalization presents a number of challenges to feminist political philosophers who seek to develop conceptions of justice and responsibility capable of responding to the lived realities of both men and women. As globalization will most certainly continue, these challenges are likely to increase in the coming decades. As we have outlined above, feminist political philosophers have already made great strides towards understanding this complex phenomenon.
Demands for accountability to donors also limit the internal democracy of NGOs by encouraging the professionalization of grassroots organizations . Trade liberalization is associated with the easing of restrictions on capital flow and investment, along with the elimination of government regulations that can be seen as unfair barriers to trade, including legal protections for workers, consumers, and the environment. When we think of trade, we often focus on the trade of physical goods (i.e. autos, aerospace, oil). However, services are becoming increasingly important to the global economy – and if accounted for properly, it’s possible that the value of services is closer to $13.4 trillion, which is higher than the total goods trade. The report looks into 23 different industry value chains in 43 different countries, representing 96% of global trade.
They discovered that the average monthly income of workers in garment-export factories was 86 percent above that of other wage workers living in the same slum neighborhoods. Outside of the factories, people selling things in the street or carrying bricks on building sites earn less than we do. But for me this job means that my children will have enough to eat and that their lives can improve. A host of factors, many unforeseeable, will determine the course of globalization. But it is useful to try to isolate the most important drivers and those that are already apparent.
Thanks to the integration of production across and within borders, consumers have come to expect infinite variety, instantly available. News Corp is a global, diversified media and information services company focused on creating and distributing authoritative and engaging content and other products and services. International bodies including the United Nations, European Union and World Trade Organization are key multinational organizations designed to facilitate increasing political globalization. This includes growing free trade and multilateral agreements on investment. Many believe that globalization helps out poorer nations by bringing them business.